Last updated on May 16, 2021 by Roger Kaufman
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Superstitions about Friday the 13th
Similar to walking under a ladder, crossing paths with a black one Cat or when damaging a mirror, many hold People Clinging to the belief that Friday the 13th Unglück brings. Although it is not certain exactly when this particular practice began, there have been negative superstitions have revolved around the number 13 for centuries.
While western societies have traditionally associated the number 12 with efficiency (there are 12 months and also Star sign, 12 labors of Hercules, 12 gods of Olympus as well as 12 people of Israel, just among other examples), its successor 13 has a long history as a sign of misfortune.
The ancient code of Hammurabi, as an example, reportedly removed a 13th piece of legislation from its list of statutory provisions. Although this was most likely a typographical error, superstitious individuals often cite this as evidence of 13's historical negative associations.
Concern about the number 13 has also been given a mental term: triskaidekaphobia
(Triskaidekaphobia is called the superstitious fear of the number thirteen. When it is severe, especially when those affected avoid and circumvent anything to do with the number 13, it is called an isolated or specific phobia in the medical sense.Wikipedia
Why is Friday the 13th bad luck?
According to Biblical custom, 13 guests went to the last Maundy Thursday dinner, consisting of Jesus and his 12 apostles (one of whom, Judas, had betrayed him). The following day was certainly Good Friday, the day of Jesus' crucifixion.
The seating plan at the Last Supper is said to have led to a historical Christian superstition that having 13 visitors at a table was a bad prophecy - specifically that it was a matter of death.
Although the unfavorable associations with Friday are weak, some have suggested that they have additional roots in Christian tradition: just as Jesus was crucified on a Friday, Friday was additionally identified as the day Eve gave Adam the eventful apple of the day Tree of understanding on the day Cain killed his brother Abel.
Why Friday the 13th spelled ruins for the Knights Templar
In the late 19th century, a New Yorker by the name of Captain William Fowler (1827-1897) sought to dispel the enduring prejudice surrounding the number 13 - and in particular the unwritten rule of not having 13 guests at a table - by introducing a special Culture called Thirteen Club.
The group routinely ate on the 13th day of the month in Room 13 des Knickerbocker Cottage, a well-known watering hole owned by Fowler from 1863 to 1883. Before sitting down to a 13-course meal, attendees safely passed under a ladder and also under a banner reading “Morituri te Salutamus,” Latin for “Those of us who to die will greet you".
4 former US Presidents (Chester A. Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison and also Theodore Roosevelt) would certainly be included in the ranking of the 13 club at once or additionally.
Friday the 13th in culture
A major turning point in the background of the Friday 13th fairy tale (not just the number 13) occurred in 1907 with the journal of the novel Friday the 13th, created by Thomas William Lawson.
The book informed History a New York City financier who uses date superstitions to wreak havoc on Wall Street and kill in the market.
The scary film Friday the 13th, which started in 1980, introduced the world to a hockey mask wearer named Jason and is also perhaps the best-known example of the well-known superstition behind pop culture. The film spawned numerous sequels, as well as comics, novellas, video games, related merchandise, and countless horrific Halloween outfits.
The true stories behind classic scary movies
What were the bad points on Friday the 13th?
On Friday October 13, 1307, King Philip IV of France's police officers arrested numerous Knights Templar, a powerful spiritual and military order created in the 12th century to protect the Holy Land.
Imprisoned on charges of various illegal habits (but actually, since the king wanted access to their funds), many Templars were later listed. Some mention the connection with the Templars as the origin of Friday the 13th superstition, but like numerous legends, including the Templars and their background as well, the fact remains sordid.
In modern times there were a number of stressful events on Friday the 13th, including the German bombing of Buckingham Palace (September 1940); the murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York City (March 1964); a cyclone that eliminated more than 300.000 people in Bangladesh (November 1970); the loss of a Chilean Flying Force plane in the Andes (October 1972); the Tod by rap artist Tupac Shakur (September 1996) and the Costa Concordia cruise ship accident off the coast of Italy that killed 30 people (January 2012).
Superstitions about Friday the 13th
The Friday the 13. applies in popular belief as a day when especially many misfortunes can happen. The irrational Furcht before a Friday the 13th , also known as Paraskavedekatriaphobia designated. This phobia In individual cases, this can lead to people affected canceling planned trips and appointments or not daring to get out of bed on Friday the 13th.Wikipedia
Evaluations of accident data have shown that there are no more traffic accidents with serious property damage on a Friday the 13th than on a Friday the 6th or the 20th ADAC showed for 2009 that on the three Fridays on the 13th of a month the average number of accident reports was only 894, while on all other days an average of 975 accidents were reported. Likewise, an evaluation of the Zurich Insurance, that on Fridays that fall on the 13th of a month, fewer claims recorded than on any other Friday of the year. The lower or stable number of accidents on Friday the 13th compared to other Fridays could be due to an increase Caution lie to avoid accidents.Wikipedia